Dr. -Ing., Technische Hochschule Dresden and Technische Universität Berlin, 1958
Phase transformations, self-organized materials, magnetoelectrics, nanomagnetism.
Professor Wuttig is an internationally recognized expert in the fields of ferromagnetic, ferroelectric and ferroelastic materials; reversible phase transformations, mutiferroics, magnetoelectrics, and nanomagnetism.
Before coming to Maryland, Professor Wuttig was a physics lecturer at Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin; a research associate at the Gauss Ingenieur Schule, Berlin; a professor in the Department of Metallurgy at both the University of Illinois and the University of Missouri–Rolla; and Director of the National Science Foundation's Metallurgy Program. He joined the University of Maryland's then-Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering in 1986, where he was the director of the Graduate Program in Materials Science, and in 1992 became the first Acting Chair of the then-Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering. He has served as MSE's graduate program director since the late 1990s.
Professor Wuttig's recent and current research projects include the synthesis and characterization of magnetoelectric composites, organic multiferroics for spintronics, and the study of alloys with magnetostrictive properties. He has also been involved in the development of an all solid-state, elastocaloric cooling technology based on latent heat generated by the martensitic transition (change in crystal structure) of shape memory alloys, for which he, Takeuchi and Cui won the University of Maryland's Physical Sciences Invention of the Year in 2011. The highly-efficient system could potentially replace vapor-compression based air conditioners and refrigerators, which utilize hydroflourocarbons and hydro flourochlorocarbons (such as Freon) that are harmful to the environment.
Current Research Projects
Overview of Research Interests
Smart materials are, usually, ferromagnetic, ferroelectric and ferroelastic (Shape Memory) materials that can be integrated into electronic circuits to feed back an external mechanical stimulus thereby rendering the material "smart." The Wuttig Group is interested in the science of the materials that are suitable for this purpose.
Ferroic materials and phase transformations: Of the three ferroics materials—ferro-magnetic, ferro-electric and ferro-elastic (also called martensite or Shape Memory Alloy)—the Wuttig Group is interested predominantly in the first and last.
A subclass of the above is Multiferroics, which are materials which combine more than one ferroic property, e.g. magnetoelastics or ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. This subclass can be divided further into natural multiferroics, e.g. TbMn2O5, which is simultaneously ferroelectric and ferromagnetic and Ni2MnGa which is a ferromagnetic shape memory alloy. The second subclass contains multiferroics composites, e.g. magnetoelectric heterostructures.
Research on Magnetoelectric Composites (MECs)
The Wuttig Group's research on Magnetoelectric Composites (MECs) endeavors to synthesize and characterize these relatively new kinds of composites that are of interest as micro- and nano-electronic components and potential high density memories. Current efforts focus on self-organized MECs in which the ferromagnetic and ferroelectric components are arranged in a nano-periodic fashion without prior patterning. First results on anorganic MECs were published in Spinodal synthesis of a PZT/NFO magnetoelectric, Appl. Phys. Letters 91, 083501 (2007).
More recently Professor Wuttig and his colleagues have focused on organically self organized MECs. See S. Ren, R. M. Briber and M. Wuttig, Diblock Copolymer Based Self-Assembled Nano-Magneto-Electric, Applied Physics Letters, 93, 173507 (2008). This paper was selected for the November 17, 2008 issue of the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology.
Research on Organic Multiferroics
As of the beginning of 2012, has concentrated on organic multiferroics, which have great potential for spintronics. See Shenqiang Ren and Manfred Wuttig, Organic Exciton Multiferroics, Advanced Materials, online, Dec. 28 2011, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104250.
Research on Magneto-Mechanical Properties, Technically Called Magnetostriction
Here, The Wuttig Group worked in FeGa alloys:
- Chaitanya Mudivarthi, Mark Laver, James Cullen, Alison B. Flatau, and Manfred Wuttig, Origin of Magnetostriction in Fe-Ga, Journal of Applied Physics 107, 09A957-1 (2010), DOI: 10.1063/1.3359814
- M. Laver C. Mudivarthi, J. R. Cullen, A. B. Flatau, W.-C. Chen, S. M. Watson, and M. Wuttig, Magnetostriction and Magnetic Heterogeneities in Iron-Gallium, PRL 105, 027202 (2010)
and FeCo alloys:
- Dwight Hunter, Will Osborn, Ke Wang, Nataliya Kazantseva, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Richard Suchoski, Ryota Takahashi, Marcus L. Young, Apurva Mehta, Leonid A. Bendersky, Sam E. Lofland, Manfred Wuttig & Ichiro Takeuchi, Giant Magnetostriction in Annealed Co1−xFex thin-films, Nature Communications 2, 2011, Article number: 518, doi:10.1038/ncomms1529.
- See also Magnetostriction in Co-Rich bcc CoFe Solid Solutions.
Richard Bergstrom Jr., Manfred Wuttig, James Cullen, Peter Zavalij, Robert Briber, Cindi Dennis, V.Ovidiu Garlea, and Mark Laver, Morphotropic Phase Boundaries in Ferromagnets: Tb1−xDyxFe2 Alloys, to be published in Phys. Rev. Letters.
Shaofeng Duan, Yueying Liu, Xiaoyong Zhao, Manfred Wuttig, and Shenqiang Ren, All Conjugated Copolymer Excitonic Multiferroics, Advanced Materials dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201204113
Jun Cui, Yiming Wu, Jan Muehlbauer, Yunho Hwang, Reinhard Radermacher, Sean Fackler, Manfred Wuttig, and Ichiro Takeuchi, Demonstration of high efficiency elastocaloric cooling with large DT using NiTi wires, Applied Physics Letters 101, 073904 (2012)
Yemei Han, Yueying Liu, Peter Zavalij, Lourdes Salamanca-Riba, Elizabeth Cantando, Richard Bergstrom Jr., Lingxia Li and Manfred Wuttig, Magnetoelectric Relaxation in Rhombohedral LiNbO3-CoFe2O4, Applied Physics Letters 100, 262907 (2012)
Shenqiang Ren and Manfred Wuttig, Organic Exciton Multiferroics, Advanced Materials 24, 724, 2012; dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201104250
M. Siewert, M. E. Gruner, A. Dannenberg, A. Chakrabarti, H. C. Herper, M. Wuttig, S. R. Barman, S. Singh, A. Al-Zubi, T. Hickel, J. Neugebauer, M. Gillessen, R. Dronskowski, and P. Entel, Designing shape-memory Heusler alloys from first-principles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 191904 (2011); dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3655905
Dwight Hunter, Will Osborn, Ke Wang, Nataliya Kazantseva, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Richard Suchoski, Ryota Takahashi, Marcus L. Young, Apurva Mehta, Leonid A. Bendersky, Sam E. Lofland, Manfred Wuttig and Ichiro Takeuchi, Giant magnetostriction in annealed Co1−xFex thin-films, Nature Communications 2, 2011, Article number: 518, dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1529
Wei-Feng Rao, Manfred Wuttig, and Armen G. Khachaturyan, Giant nonhysteretic responses of two-phase nanostructured alloys, Physical Review Letters, 106, 105703 (2011)
A. Piorra, A. Petraru, M. Wuttig and E. Quandt, Piezoelectric properties of 0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3) - 0.5(Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3) ferroelectric lead-free laser deposited thin films, Applied Physics Letters, 109, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 104101 (2011); doi:10.1063/1.3572056
H.S. Chun, S.M. Na, J.H. Yoo, M. Wuttig, A.B. Flatau, Tension and strain annealing for abnormal grain growth in magnetostrictive Galfenol rolled sheet, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 07A941 (2011); doi:10.1063/1.3565419
A. Dannenberg, M. Siewert, M. E. Gruner, M. Wuttig, and P. Entel. Competing structural ordering tendencies in Heusler-type alloys with high Curie temperatures: Fe2CoGa1-xZnx studied by first-principles calculations, Phys. Rev. B 82, 214421 (2010)
A. Dannenberg, M. Siewert, M. E. Gruner, M. Wuttig, P. Entel, Structural ordering tendencies in the new ferromagnetic Ni-Co-Fe-Ga-Zn Heusler alloys, Phys. Proc. 10, 144 -148 (2010)
Shenqiang Ren, Manfred Wuttig and Robert M. Briber, Bottom-Up Multifunctional Nanocomposite, VDM Verlag, Berlin, 2009.
Henry Greve, Eric Woltermann, Robert Jahns, Stephan Marauska, Bernhard Wagner, Reinhard Knöchel, Manfred Wuttig, and Eckhard Quandt, Low damping resonant magnetoelectric sensors, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 152503 (2010)
M. Laver, C. Mudivarthi, J.R. Cullen, A.B. Flatau, W.-C. Chen, S. Watson, and M. Wuttig, Magnetostriction and Magnetic Heterogeneities in Iron-Gallium, Phys. Rev. Letters, 105, 027202 (2010)
Chaitanya Mudivarthi, Mark Laver, James Cullen, Alison B. Flatau, and Manfred Wuttig, Origin of magnetostriction in Fe-Ga, Journal of Applied Physics 107, 09A957-1 (2010) DOI: 10.1063/1.3359814 Abstract »
S. Kaufmann, U.K. Rößler, O. Heczko, M. Wuttig, J. Buschbeck, L. Schultz and S. Fähler, Adaptive modulations of martensites, Phys. Rev. Letters 104, 145702 (2010) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.145702 Abstract »
Chaitanya Mudivarthi, Suok-Min Na, Rudolf Schaefer, Mark Laver, Manfred Wuttig, and Alison B. Flatau, Magnetic domain observations in Fe-Ga alloys, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 322 (2010) 2023–2026.
Peng Zhao, Zhenli Zhao, Dwight Hunter, Richard Suchoski, Chen Gao, Scott Mathews, Manfred Wuttig, and Ichiro Takeuchi, Fabrication and characterization of all-thin-film magnetoelectric sensors, Applied Physics Letters 94, 243507 (2009)
Shenqiang Ren, Mark Laver and Manfred Wuttig, Nanolamellar magnetoelectric BaTiO3–CoFe2O4 bicrystal, Applied Physics Letters 95, 153504 (2009)
Shenqiang Ren, R. Briber and Manfred Wuttig, Self-Organized Magnetoelectric 2D Onions, Appl. Phys. Letters 94, 1 (2009)
Yoichi Kishi, Zenjiro Yajima,Teiko Okazaki, Yasubumi Furuya and Manfred Wuttig, Magnetic Properties and Microstructures of Rapidly Solidified FePd Alloy Ribbons, Advances in Science and Technology Vol. 59 (2008) pp 24-29.
S. Ren, R. M. Briber and M. Wuttig, Diblock Copolymer Based Self-Assembled Nano-Magneto-Electric, Applied Physics Letters 93, 173507 (2008)
Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, Dwight Hunter, Corneliu M. Craciunescu, Kyu Sung Jang, Makoto Murakami, James Cullen, Manfred Wuttig, Ichiro Takeuchi, Samuel E. Lofland, Leonid Benderksy, Noble Woo, Robert Bruce Van Dover, Toshiya Takahashi, Yasubumi Furuya, Combinatorial Investigation of Magnetostriction in Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Al, Applied Physics Letters 93, 102507 (2008)
Y. Kishi, Z. Yajima, K. Shimizu, T. Okazaki, Y. Furuya and M. Wuttig, Crossing and detwinning of fully twinned martensites in rapidly solidified CoNiGa alloy ribbons, Advances in Science and Technology, 59, 24-29 (2008)
C. Bechtold, A. Gerber, M. Wuttig, E. Quandt, Magnetoelastic hysteresis in 5M NiMnGa single crystals, Scripta Materialia, Scripta Materialia 58 1022–1024 (2008)
S.-H. Lim, M. Murakami, J. H. Yang, S.-Y. Young, J. Hattrick-Simpers, M. Wuttig, L. G. Salamanca-Riba and I. Takeuchi, Enhanced dielectric properties in single crystal-like BiFeO3 thin films grown by flux-mediated epitaxy, Applied Physics Letters 92, 012918 (2008)
S. Ren and M. Wuttig, Magnetoelectric nano Fe3O4/CoFe2O4//PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3 composite, Appl. Phys. Letters 92, 083502 (2008)
S. Ren and M. Wuttig, Spinodal synghesis of a PZT/NFO magnetoelectric, Appl. Phys. Letters 91, 083501 (2007)
J. Cui, Y.S. Chu, O.O. Famodu, Y. Furuya, J. Hattrick-Simpers, R.D. James, A. Ludwig, S. Thienhaus, M. Wuttig, Zhiyong Zhang, and I. Takeuchi. Combinatorial search of thermoelastic shape-memory alloys with extremely small hysteresis width, Nature Materials, 5(4), 286-90 (2006)
Zheng, H.; Wang, J.; Lofland, S.E.; Ma, Z.; Mohaddes-Ardabili, L.; Zhao, T.; Salamanca-Riba, L.; Shinde, S.R.; Ogale, S.B.; Bai, F.; Viehland, D.; Jia, Y.; Schlom, D.G.; Wuttig, M.; Roytburd, A.; Ramesh, R., Multiferroic BaTiO3-CoFe2O4 nanostructures. Science, 303, 661 (2004)
J. Cui, T.W. Shield, and M. Wuttig, Magnetostriction of stress-induced martensite, Applied Physics Letters, 85(9), 1642-4 (2004)
K. Mori, H. Li, A.L. Roytburd, and M. Wuttig, Patterned shape memory alloy films, Jap. Materials Transactions 43, 951 (2002)
M. Wuttig, J. Li, and C. Craciunescu, A new ferromagnetic shape memory alloy system, Scripta mater. 44, 2393 (2001)
M. Wuttig, L. Liu, K. Tsuchiya, and R.D. James, Occurrence of ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. J. Appl. Phys., 87, 4707 (2000)
D. James and M. Wuttig, Magnetostriction of Martensite, Phil. Mag. A. 77, 1273 (1998)
M. Wuttig, Q. Su, F. Masson, E. Quandt and A. Ludwig, Magneto-mechanical Instability in FeTb/Fe Multilayers, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 7264 (1998)
H. D. Chopra, C. Bailly and M. Wuttig, Domain Structures in Bent In-22.5 at %Tl Polydomain Crystals, Acta Metallurgica et Materialia 44, 747 (1996)
D. Viehland, E. Cross and M. Wuttig, Freezing of the Polarization Fluctuations in Lead Magnesium Niobate, J. Appl. Phys., 68, 2416 (1990)
A. Aning, T. Suzuki and M. Wuttig, Nonlinear Anelasticity in Magnesium, J. Appl. Phys., 53, 6797 (1982)
C. Lim and M. Wuttig, Prebainitic Phenomena in 86B80 and 0.5C 5.3Ni Steel, Acta Met., 22, 1215 (1974)
M. Wuttig and H. K. Birnbaum, Selfdiffusion Along Edge Dislocations in Ni, Phys. Rev., 147, 495 (1966)