Bing Research Group
The Bing Research Group focuses on the technologies and fundamental science of energy devices and flexible electronics based on nanomaterials. Current projects include high performance, low-cost scalable energy devices (including flexible and wearable storage); fundamental energy science in the fields of electrochemistry, mixed electronic and ionic transport, and nanomechanics; nanopaper electronics; and printed transparent conductors and their applications (including substrates, displays, transistors, optics, nano-ink, roll-to-roll, transparent conductors, and nanoscale transport).
Biophysical and Polymer Radiation Laboratory
The Biophysical and Polymer Radiation Laboratory, directed by Professor Mohamad Al-Sheikhly, is located in the Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Building and is utilized in conjunction with the University of Maryland Radiation Facilities. The laboratory has two distinct experimental facilities devoted to polymer modification research and radiation biophysics. The laboratory facilities allow for the study of the effect of radiation on a wide range of polymers. The crosslinking, degradation, and synthesis of polymers with the use of gamma-ray and electron beam radiation is investigated for applications such as medical implants, fuel cells, biochips, adhesives and waste water treatment. Techniques such as Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) provide a measure of a number of important materials properties. In addition polymer microtomy can be used to prepare materials for thin films analysis, Soxhlet extraction provides a measure of crosslink fraction, and an optical pulse radiolysis set-up allows reaction kinetics measurements in liquid solutions. The radiation biophysics area is equipped with state-of-the-art cell culture instruments which allow investigation into the effects of varying LET radiation on biological systems, as well as targeted drug delivery systems for the treatment of cancer.
Combinatorial Synthesis and Rapid Characterization Center
A combinatorial approach to materials is an emerging paradigm of materials research methodology. In individual experiments, up to thousands of compositionally varying samples are simultaneously fabricated and screened for enhanced physical properties. The Combinatorial Synthesis and Rapid Characterization Center, directed by MSE Professor Ichiro Takeuchi, is a comprehensive lab facility for carrying out combinatorial experimentation with a focus in electronic thin film materials. Experimental tools include a combinatorial UHV co-sputtering system, combinatorial pulsed laser deposition systems, various scanning probe microscopes and a scanning X-ray microdiffractometer.
Keck Lab for Combinatorial Nanosynthesis/Multiscale Characterization
The University of Maryland received a major award from the W. M. Keck Foundation of Los Angeles to establish a new laboratory for combinatorial nanosynthesis and multiscale characterization. Conceived by Professors Ichiro Takeuchi, Gary Rubloff, and Ellen Williams (Department of Physics), the Keck Laboratory is a centerpiece for pioneering research which extends campus strengths in combinatorial materials science, scanning nanoprobes, and highly controlled materials synthesis profoundly into the nanoscale domain to enable fundamentally new insights into the behavior of materials at the nanoscale.
Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP)
The Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP) is a class 1000 clean room facility for semiconductor fabrication. It includes a broad variety of advanced materials processes and supporting processes for fabricating devices and test structures, such as lithography, metal deposition, polymer and sol-gel processing, chemical vapor deposition, atomic layer deposition, and associated metrology and test equipment. It also supports materials and process research in chemical processes, sensors, and process control.
Laboratory for Plasma Processing of Materials
The Laboratory for Plasma Processing of Materials, part of the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, produces nanostructures using plasma processing. The lab's major scientific themes are the characterization and understanding of the processes at the plasma-material interface that control the properties of the material or structure that is ultimately produced. The facility features an array of state-of-the-art tools for plasma-based etching, synthesis or modification of materials, including plasma reactors for producing either highly ionized plasmas and reactors in which the charged particle density is negligible but reactive atoms or molecular radicals formed in a remote plasma chamber interact with the material to be modified; instruments that characterize the plasma or the surfaces of plasma-treated materials; and measurement tools that evaluate the crucial variables that determine the ultimate usefulness of the materials and structures produced. The lab's studies involve many collaborative efforts with industrial laboratories and universities throughout the world.
Laboratory for Radiation and Polymer Science
The Laboratory for Radiation and Polymer Science has pursued the chemistry and materials of the radiation processing industry since 1960. The Laboratory supports companies and government laboratories with radiation-related research and consulting services in three areas:
Applied radiation and physics of polymers: crosslinking scission, polymerization, and effects on reinforced and filled polymers. These include the development of products for ordinary commercial use (packaging materials, elastomers, membranes, textiles, etc.); and the degradation of insulating materials in space satellites and nuclear reactors;
Radiation sources technology, such as transport of high energy electrons in complex targets, dosimetry, and optimization studies; and
Fundamental aspects of radiation bearing on applied problems, such as radiation chemistry of crystalline alkane and semicrystalline polymers, initiation mechanisms of vinyl polymerization, and radiation effects on morphology and metrology of polymers.
Laboratory for Reliable Electronics
The Laboratory for Reliable Nanoelectronics is an advanced facility for semiconductor device process development, test structure design for reliability and Reliability measurements at the University of Maryland. It includes a broad variety of advanced materials processes and supporting processes for fabricating of devices and reliability test structures. To support these activities, the facility houses a wide variety of equipment for wet and dry semiconductor processes as well as analytical tools. It includes a UHV system for Atomic Layer Deposition and a MAS 400 mask aligner for high resolution contact lithography, an e-beam metallization chamber, sol-gel and photoresist spinners, annealing and oxidation furnaces, several optical microscopes as well as a variety of chemical gas sensors (RGAs, FTIR, acoustic sensors) for in-situ process diagnostics.
See Also: Microelectronics Devices Laboratory
Materials and Interface NanoTechnology Laboratory (MINT)
MINT's mission is to understand and exploit interactions between inorganic nanoscale objects and their chemical and physical environment. The group conducts research in a wide variety of topics related to nanoscience and nanotechnology. Its central goal is to explore the new physics that emerges from shrinking the dimensions of materials to the nanoscale, and to identify the significance of the new science for an array of applied fields such as sensing, energy, and biomedicine. Current and proposed research projects include directed self-assembly of silver nanocubes for SERS (Raman) sensing, bulk nanostructures as improved thermoelectric materials, structure and transport of eutectic nanowires, nanoparticle formulations for x-ray tomography (medical imaging), and anofluidic channels.
Materials Screening Laboratory
The Materials Screening Laboratory is home to our Lakeshore 7400 Series Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), the most sensitive VSM available today. This VSM features a noise floor of 1 x 10-7 emu at 10 seconds/point sampling, 4 x 10-7 emu at 1 sec/pt. and 7.5 x 10-7 emu at 0.1 seconds/point. It can measure hysteresis M(H) loops and temperature dependent magnetic properties of all types of magnetic materials in bulk, powder, thin film, single crystal, and liquid form. Its temperature range capabilities include a cryostat option covering 8 K to 425 K with liquid helium or 80 K to 425 K with liquid Nitrogen; and an oven option covering 305 K to 1273 K. Variable gap magnets allow for field strength up to 2.3 Tesla and accommodation of large samples to 1".
Microelectronics Devices Laboratory
The Microelectronics Devices Laboratory specializes in failures analysis and related methodology for integrated circuits and packages. It has the capability to meet these challenges and successfully perform the failure analysis of the integrated circuit (IC) packages with the state-of-the-art analytical techniques. Both destructive and nondestructive failure analysis of IC packages can be performed. Significant experimental capability toward this goal is achieved through cooperation with the Nanoscale Imaging and Spectroscopy Lab (NISP).
See Also: Laboratory for Reliable Electronics
Molecular Mechanics and Self-Assembly Laboratory
The Molecular Mechanics Laboratory focuses on investigating molecular level interactions using high resolution force microscopy. Atomic force microscopy and optical tweezers are utilized to understand protein-protein interactions, the nanomechanics of macromolecules, and the structure-function relationship of biological molecules. Current research projects are focused on understanding molecular mechanism of protein aggregation disease, DNA-biomaterial interaction, and self-assembling peptides. Understanding the nature of these interactions will allow us to design novel biomaterials with well-defined nanostructural properties that will be useful for biomedical and nanobiotechnology applications.
Polymer Characterization Laboratory
The Polymer Characterization Laboratory includes facilities for advanced characterization of polymers, including thermal analysis, microstructural characterization, mechanical properties and interfacial fracture mechanics, and synthesis of polymers and sample preparation. Equipment includes gel permeation chromatography, mechanical testing, microscope hot stage, full sample preparation laboratory, differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravimetric analysis, low shear stress rheometer and interfacial fracture strength measurement apparatus.
See Also: Functional Macromolecular Laboratory
The Wachsman Group is at the forefront of renewable energy research involving high temperature ceramics. Professor Wachsman's advances in fundamental ionic transport and electrocatalysis have revolutionized solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC's), ion transport membranes, and solid state sensors. The group's current research includes the development of high-performance, low-temperature solid oxide fuel cels (SOFCs), ionic transport membranes for applications including the separation of H2 and O2 gases, solid state sensor technology capable of measuring the concentrations of multiple gases, advancing our understanding of high temperature ionic transport through ceramic materials, and electrocatalytic CH4 conversion and the post- combustion reduction of NOx.