Faculty Directory

Wang, Chunsheng

Wang, Chunsheng

R.F. and F.R. Wright Distinguished Chair
UMD Director of Center for Research in Extreme Batteries (CREB)
Affiliate Fellow (REFI)
Fellow, Electrochemical Society
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Maryland Energy Innovation Institute
Robert E. Fischell Institute for Biomedical Devices
3236 Kim Engineering Building (KEB)


Ph.D., Zhejiang University, China, 1995



  • Fellow, The Electrochemical Society
  • Battery Division Research Award, 2021, The Electrochemical Society
  • UMD’s Invention of the Year, 2015, 2021
  • 2020: Top 10 Battery Researchers to Watch, The Electrochemical Society
  • Robert Franklin and Frances Riggs Wright Distinguished Chair, 2018
  • Junior Faculty Outstanding Research Award, 2013 
  • Sigma Xi (Tennessee Technological University Chapter) Research Award, 2006
  • NASA Technology Brief Patent Application and Software Release Award, 2004



Rechargeable batteries, Applied electrochemistry, Fuel cells, electroanalytical technologies, Nanostructured materials, Electrochemical gas separation and compression

Professor Wang's research interests are electroanalytical technologies, advanced materials for rechargeable batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors. He has published over 340 papers in peer-reviewed journals including Science, Nature, Nature Energy, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Chemistry, Nature Communications, Science Advance, Joule, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Advanced Materials. His research has been cited more than 56000 times and has an H-index of 123.
In collaboration with ARL scientists, he achieved the scientific breakthrough in electrolyte materials with the invention of water-in-salt electrolytes for Li-ion batteries (Science 2015) and transition metal-free cathode chemistry based on halide-graphite conversion-intercalation (Nature 2019), and Zn-air batteries (Nature Materials, 2018), which opened an entirely new area of high voltage aqueous electrochemistry and batteries that never existed before, and has inspired many researchers to follow.  He also developed a fluorinated electrolyte to form LiF-rich solid-electrolyte-interphase (SEI) on anode and Cathode-electrolyte-interphase (CEI) on the high-voltage cathode to stabilize electrodes (Nature Nanotechnology, 2018). This new design philosophy of SEI sets the foundation for new battery chemistries for years to come.

For more information about current research projects, please visit Professor Wang's web site.

Professor Wang currently teaches or has taught the following courses:

  • CHBE 301Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I
  • ENCH 473: Electrochemical Energy Engineering
  • ENCH 437: Chemical Engineering Laboratory
  • ENCH 808/ENPM 808/ENCH648k: Advanced Fuel Cells and Batteries

Professor Wang also advises the department's  undergraduate Chem-E Car team, which took first place at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ (AIChE) mid-Atlantic Regional Conference's Chem-E Car Competition in 2011, and second place at the regional competition in 2012.

Selected Publications as a corresponding author

Click on the Researcher ID or Google Scholar to view all publications, citations, and H-index

  1. D. Lu, R. Li, M. M. Rahman, P. Yu, L. Lv, S. Yang, Y. Huang, C. Sun, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, T. Deng, L. Fan, L. Chen, J. Wang, E. Hu, C. Wang, X. Fan, Ligand-channel-enabled ultrafast Li-ion conduction, Nature2024, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-024-07045-4
  2. W. Zhang, V. koverga, S. Liu, J. Zhou, J. Wang, P. Bai, S. Tan, N. K. Dandu, Z. Wang, F. Chen, J. Xia, H. Wan, X. Zhang, H. Yang, B. L. Lucht, A.-M. Li, X.-Q. Yang, E. Hu, S. R. Raghavan, A. T. Ngo, C. Wang, Single-phase local-high-concentration solid polymer electrolytes for lithium-metal batteries, Nature Energy2024, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-023-01443-0
  3. Z. Wang, J. Xia, X. Ji, Y. Liu, J. Zhang, X. He, W. Zhang, H. Wan, C. Wang, Lithium anode interlayer design for all-solid-sate lithium-metal batteries, Nature Energy2024, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-023-01426-1
  4. H. Wan, J. Xu, C. Wang, Designing electrolytes and interphases for high-energy lithium batteries, Nature reviews chemistry2023, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41570-023-00557-z
  5. H. Wan, Z. Wang, W. Zhang, X. He, C. Wang, Interface design for all-solid-state lithium batteries, Nature2023, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-06653-w
  6. J. Xu, J. Zhang, T. P. Pollard, Q. Li, S. Tan, S. Hou, H. Wan, F. Chen, H. He, E. Hu, K. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Electrolyte design for Li-ion batteries under extreme operating conditions, Nature2023, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-05627-8

  7. H. Wan, Z. Wang, S. Liu, B. Zhang, X. He, W. Zhang, C. Wang, Critical interphase overpotential as a lithium dendrite-suppression criterion for all-solid-state lithium battery design, Nature Energy, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-023-01231-w. Research Briefing.
  8. C. Yang, J. Xia, C. Cui, T. P. Pollard, J. Vatamanu, A. Faraone, J. A. Dura, M. Tyagi, A. Kattan, E. Thimsen, J. Xu, W. Song, E. Hu, X. Ji, S. Hou, X. Zhang, M. S. Ding, S. Hwang, D. Su, Y. Ren, X.-Q. Yang, H. Wang, O. Borodin, C. Wang, All-temperature zinc batteries with high-entropy aqueous electrolyte, Nature Sustainability2023. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-01028-x

  9. X. Yang, B. Zhang, Y. Tian, Y. Wang, Z. Fu, D. Zhou, H. Liu, F. Kang, B. Li, C. Wang, G. Wang, Electrolyte design principles for developing quasi-solid-state rechargeable halide-ion batteries, Nature Communications2023, 14:925

  10. J. Xu, T. P. Pollard, C. Yang, N. K. Dandu, S. Tan, J. Zhou, J. Wang, X. He, X. Zhang, A.-M. Li, E. Hu, X.-Q. Yang, A. Ngo, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Lithium halide cathodes for Li metal batteries, Joule, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joule.2022.11.002

  11. R. Jain, A. S. Lakhnot, K. Bhimani, S. Sharma, V. Mahajani, R. A. Panchal, M. Kamble, F. Han, C. Wang, N. Koratkar, Nanostructuring versus microstructuring in battery electrodes, Nature Reviews Materials2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41578-022-00454-9.

  12. W. Feng, J. Hu, G. Qian, Z. Xu., G. Zan, Y. Liu, F. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Xia, Stabilization of garnet/Li interphase by diluting the electronic conductor, Science Advances, 2022, 8, eadd8972

  13. M. Liao, X. Ji, Y. Cao, J. Xu, X. Qiu, Y. Xie, F. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Xia, Solvent-free protic liquid enabling batteries operation at an ultra-wide temperature range, Nature Communications, 2022. 13:6064

  14. C. Wang, T. Deng, X. Fan, M. Zheng, R. Yu, Q. Lu, H. Duan, H. Huang, C. Wang, X. Sun, Identifying soft breakdown in all-solid-state lithium battery, Joule2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joule.2022.05.020.

  15. S. Hou, L. Chen, X. Fan, X. Fan, X. Ji, B. Wang, C. Cui, J. Chen, C. Yang, W. Wang, C. Li, C. Wang, High-energy and low-cost membrane-free chlorine flow battery, Nature Communications, 2022. 13:1281.

  16. J. Xu, X. Ji, J. Zhang, C. Yang, P. Wang, S. Liu, K. Ludwig, F. Chen, P. Kofinas, C. Wang, Aqueous electrolyte design for super-stable 2.5V LiMn2O4||Li4Ti5O12 pouch cells, Nature Energy, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00977-5

  17. T. Deng, X. Ji, L. Zou, O. Chiekezi, L. Cao, X. Fan, T. R. Adebisi, H-J. Chang, H. Wang, B. Li, X. Li, C. Wang, D. Reed, J-G. Zhang, V. L. Sprenkle, C. Wang, X. Lu Interfacial-engineering-enabled practical low-temperature sodium metal battery, Nature Nanotechnology2021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41565-021-01036-6

  18. S. Hou, X. Ji, K. Gaskell, P. Wang, L. Wang, J. Xu, R. Sun, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Solvation Sheath Reorganization Enabled Divalent Metal Batteries with Fast Interfacial Charge Transfer Kinetics, Science2021, 374, 172-178.

  19. W. Sun, F. Wang, B. Zhang, M. Zhang, V. Kupers, X. Ji, C. Theile, P. Bieker, K. Xu, C. Wang, M. Winter, A rechargeable zinc-air battery based on zinc peroxide chemistry. Science, 2021, 371, 46-51.

  20. L. Suo, O. Borodin, T. Gao, M. Olguin, J. Ho, X. Fan, C. Luo, C. Wang, K. Xu. Water-in-Salt Electrolyte Enables High Voltage Aqueous Li-ion Chemistries. Science, 2015, 350, 938.

  21. C. Yang, J. Chen, X. Ji, T. P. Pollard, X. Lü, C. Sun, S. Hou, Q. Liu, C. Liu, T. Qing, Y. Wang, O. Borodin, Y. Ren, K. Xu, C. Wang, Aqueous Li-ion Battery Enabled by Halogen Conversion-Intercalation Chemistry in Graphite, Nature, 2019, 569, 245.

  22. J. Chen, X. Fan, Q. Li, H. Yang, M.R. Khoshi, Y. Xu, S. Hwang, L. Chen, X. Ji, C. Yang, H. He, C. Wang, E. Garfunkel, D. Su, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Electrolyte Design for LiF-rich Solid-Electrolyte Interfaces to Enable High-performance Microsized Alloy Anodes for Batteries. Nature Energy, 2020, 5, 386–397.

  23. X. Fan, X. Ji, L. Chen, J. Chen, T. Deng, F. Han, J. Yue, N. Piao, R. Wang, X. Zhou, X. Xiao, L. Chen, C. Wang, All-temperature batteries enabled by fluorinated electrolytes with non-polar solvents, Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 882.

  24. F. Han, A. Westover, J. Yue, X. Fan, F. Wang, M. Chi, D. Leonard, N. Dudney, H. Wang, C. Wang, High Electronic conductivity as the origin of lithium dendrite formation within solid electrolytes, Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 187-196.

  25. L. Wang, A. Menakath, F. Han, Y. Wang, P. Zavalij, K. Gaskell, O. Borodin, D. Luga, S. Brown, C. Wang, K. Xu, B. Eichhorn, Identifying the components of the solid–electrolyte interphase in Li-ion Batteries, Nature Chemistry, 2019, 11, 789.

  26. L. Cao, D. Li, T. Pollard, T. Deng, B. Zhang, C. Yang, L. Chen, J. Vatamanu, E. Hu, M. J. Hourwitz, L. Ma, M. Ding, Q. Li, S. Hou, K. Gaskell, J. T. Fourkas, X-Q. Yang, K. Xu, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Fluorinated interphase enables reversible aqueous zinc battery chemistries, Nature Nanotechnology, 2021,1730

  27. X. Fan, L. Chen, O. Borodin, X. Ji, J. Chen, S. Hou, T. Deng, J. Zheng, C. Yang, S. Liou, K. Amine, K. Xu, C. Wang, Non-flammable Electrolyte Enables Li-Metal Batteries with Aggressive Cathode Chemistries, Nature Nanotechnology, 2018, 13, 715-722

  28. F. Wang, O. Borodin, T. Gao, X. Fan, W. Sun, F. Han, A. Faraone, J. Dura, K. Xu and C. Wang, Highly Reversible Zinc-Metal Anode for Aqueous Batteries, Nature Materials, 2018, 17, 543-549.

  29. L. Chen, L. Cao, X. Ji, S. Hou, Q. Li, J. Chen, C. Yang, N. Edison, C. Wang, Enabling Safe Aqueous Lithium-ion Open Batteries by Suppressing the Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Nature Communications, 2020, 11, 1-8.

  30. X. Fan, E. Hu, X. Ji, Y. Zhu, F. Han, S. Hwang, J. Liu, S. Bak, Z. Ma, T. Gao, S.-C. Liou, J. Bai, X.-Q. Yang, Y. Mo, K. Xu, D. Su, C Wang, High Energy-Density and Reversibility of Iron Fluoride Cathode Enabled Via an Intercalation-Extrusion Reaction, Nature Communications, 2018, 9, 1-12.

  31. Y. Wen, K. He, Y. Zhu, F. Han, Y. Xu, I. Matsuda, Y. Ishii, J Cumings, and C. Wang. Expanded Graphite as Superior Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries. Nature Communications, 2014, 5, 4033.

  32. X. Fan, X. Ji, F. Han, J. Yue, J. Chen, L. Chen, T. Deng, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Fluorinated solid electrolyte interphase enables highly reversible solid-state Li metal battery, Science Advances, 2018, 4, eaau9245.

  33. C. Luo, E. Hu, K. J. Gaskell, X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Cui, S. Ghose, X-Q. Yang, C. Wang, A Chemically Stabilized Sulfur Cathode for Lean Electrolyte Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, 117, 14712- 14720.

  34. C. Luo, O. Borodin X. Ji, S. Hou, K.J. Gaskell, X. Fan, J. Chen, T. Deng, R. Wang, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Azo compounds as a family of organic electrode materials for alkali-ion batteries, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018, 115, 2004-2009.

  35. C. Yang, L. Suo, O. Borodin, F. Wang, W. Sun, T. Gao, X. Fan, S. Hou, Z. Ma, K.l Amine, K. Xu, and C. Wang, Unique Aqueous Li-ion/Sulfur Chemistry with High Energy Density, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017,114, 6197–6202.

To view a complete list of Professor Wang's publications, citation metrics, and H-Index, please consult his entry on ResearcherID.

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Eric Wachsman and Chunsheng Wang receive funding to create innovative batteries for electric vehicle energy storage systems.

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